March 17, 2000
| Vol. 17 No. 21
Arrow and spear points are among oldest
tools discovered in North America.
By Amy Williams, Staff Writer
Letter to the Editor
-- These Clovis arrow and spear points are among the oldest tools discovered in
North America, and have often been found with the remains of ice age animals.
The Clovis people attached these graceful points
to tip their spears for Giant Mammoth hunting. or spears and probably hunted animals
in groups. The sudden appearance of the Clovis Points about 12,000 years ago,
and other similar tools made of flint offers the strongest proof of early man's
presence in the New world. Clovis technology made it possible for Clovis people
to gather food sources hundreds of miles away from the sites where they were found.
In All About Arrowheads and Spearpoints. New
York, NY: Henry Holt & Co.; 1989. author Howard E. Smith desribes drawings,
maps, charts, about the development, manufacture, and use of arrowheads and spearpoints
in prehistoric North America. Prof. Smith stresses American Indian inventiveness
and the need to recognize Native achievements. He dates 33,000 to possibly 50,000
for the crossing of Bering Strait land bridge.
More on the ancient Clovis people is included in
the text Clovis: Origins and Adaptations, by its editors, Bonnichsen,
Robson, and Turnmire. In Peopling of the Americas Publications. Center for the
Study of the First Americans, Oregon State University, 1991.
[Editor's Note: Clovis Points were discovered in
the South Western U.S. near the City of Clovis, N.M. and are composed of flint.
Named for unidentified peoples of prehistoric North America, about 9,000 B.C.
Courtesy of the National Museum
of Natural History].
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